Unconventional thinking about the Middle East.

Saturday, January 06, 2007

Fatwa on whether Hamas is allowed to take Iranian funds or not...

I found this interesting fatwa by a pro-Hamas author writing under the pseudonym “Abu ‘Abdullah al-Hanbali,” which was posted a couple of days ago on a Palestinian discussion forum (www.palestinianforum.net) where Hamas radicals and others are active. It deals with the issue of accepting aid from Shi'a Iran (the fatwa employs the derogatory word rafidha and its derivatives to describe Shi'as) and under what conditions that accepting such aid would be permissible. Iran has recently pledged another 250 million dollars in aid to the Hamas government, after making an earlier payment of 120 million dollars, but this benevolence does not seem to be currying too much favor with Hamas’ rank and file like this al-Hanbali fellow.

Iran has been a longtime patron of Hamas, although the Islamic Jihad is the organization that is most closely affiliated with Iran among Palestinian fundamentalist groups due to the influence of Khomeini’s revolution on its founder, Fethi al-Shikaki (gunned down in 1995 in Malta).

The fatwa author seems to fear the spread of Shi’a sympathies among Palestinians via Iranian financial aid. Some members of Islamic Jihad have allegedly converted to Shi’ism—a creed that does not exist among modern Palestinians. A thousand years ago there were Shi'a populations in the towns of Nablus and around Lake Tiberias but most vanished over time. There are a couple of ‘Alawite (non-mainstream Shi'as) villages in Galilee.

It should be noted that Hamas is considered ‘soft’ by other jihadist organizations when it comes to doctrine. Most recently, Al-Qaeda’s Aymen al-Zawahiri criticized Hamas to partaking in the non-Islamic ‘ritual’ of elections—which is how Hamas got to control the Palestinian cabinet in January 2006.

Isma’il Haniya, Hamas’ PM, refused to pray alongside Shi'as during his latest trip to Iran in early December 2006.

So if the ‘softies’ in Hamas are having a hard time swallowing and justifying the much-needed aid coming from Iran (…when the Iranians are more than willing to oblige them) then it just goes to show how much of taboo such an association with Shi'a Iran has become. The Iranians would be more than happy to help jihadists hurt America and Israel; I just don’t think the jihadists would be amenable to receiving such aid from ‘heretics’ whom they believe to be in league with the ‘Crusaders and Zionists.’ This assertion is most pertinent to Iraq and to the recent allegations of Iranian support for Sunni jihadist insurgent groups there. It also addresses the logistical issue of a need for a state-sponsor (…in Iraq’s case that would either be Shi'a Iran or ‘Alawite Syria) to support insurgent activity. What if the jihadists, in the post-Zarqawi era, are leveraging technology, small-scale fundraising and networks of sympathizers in such a way as to do away with the need of a state sponsor?

Here is my translation, and I’ve left out all the cumbersome Koranic and religious references that are usually the language of fatwas. The full text (in Arabic) is posted in the comments section:

Is is permissible for Hamas to take aid from Iran?

By Abi-Abdullah al-Hanbali

Thanks be to Allah, and Peace and Prayers Upon the Messenger of Allah:

I say, and through Allah comes accomplishment, that:

It is impermissible for Hamas to take aid from Iran but for these conditions being met and the legal injunctions don’t stand against it:

The conditions:

1) There being a legal necessity [for that]…Because the Prophet (PBUH) had rejected seeking the aid of idolaters in some cases, and accepted them in others, and that shows that it is permissible when necessary…

2) The alternative to this aid becomes meager, because to take aid from [the Iranians] would achieve one of their interests, and we shouldn’t give them that except in the case of a mutual interest.

The legal injunctions against [receiving aid] are greatly perilous, and the damage due to ignoring them would be grave, and they are, generally:

-That it [is not done] at the expense of religious doctrine, and accepted principles, because any interest at the expense of religious is an illusion, and cannot be contravened by arguing that necessities sanction the impermissible, because religion is the principal of these necessities…, and the forms it may take:

a) The Iranians may exploit [the aid] by showing the leaders of Hamas, may Allah preserve them, praying with the rawafidh, or visiting the graves of their tyrants like the grave of the extinct (Ed.: 'alhalik,' does anyone have a better translation?) Khomeini, because the intent of the rawafidh is to show the leaders of Hamas as supporters of their false religion, and their faded symbols, [in order] to confuse Sunni laypersons, and to embellish the religion of the rafidha and I don’t think that the leaders of Hamas would accept that, because why else would the rafidha be determined to photograph the leaders of Hamas undertaking such rituals?

b) If it means that the leaders of Hamas would be silent over the crimes of the Shi'a in Iraq and Iran, and this runs counter to the verses of the Koran, and the illuminated hadiths of the Prophet, that beseech [us] not to let down [other] Muslims, and the need to empower them, even though with words.

c) If this aid is provisioned upon the establishment of cultural centers spreading Shi’ism and rafdh in Palestine.

d) To deflect the people of Hamas from understanding the doctrine of Sunnism, especially as it relates to the companions [of the Prophet], for whatever major support was given by Abu Taleb (Ed.: Muhammad’s paternal uncle) to the Prophet, PBUH, the Prophet never ceased to understand the fake doctrines of the idolaters, even though his uncle was an idolater.

And here one may ask:
“What then is Iran’s interest in supporting Hamas after all that?”

I say [Iran’s] interest is to increase the harm done to its enemies and the enemies of Hamas, [those are] America and Israel, on the assumption that the Shi'a are indeed hostile to them, and if it has any other interest like spreading Shi’ism then [Iran] should look for a devil in human form to help her do that, because Hamas is a Sunni jihadist movement that will never accept that…


Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

هل يجوز لحماس أخذ المساعدات من إيران؟لأبي عبد الله الحنبلي

هل يجوز لحماس أخذ المساعدات من إيران؟لأبي عبد الله الحنبلي

هل يجوز لحماس أخذ المساعدات من إيران؟!
الحمد لله،والصلاة و السلام على رسول الله:
اقول وبالله التوفيق:
لا يجوز لحماس أخذ المساعدات من إيران إلا إذا توافرت الشروط وانتفت الموانع الشرعية لذلك:
أما الشروط:
1)فهي وجود حاجة شرعية ولا أقول ضرورة شرعية لذلك بل يكفي الحاجة الشرعية(1)،لان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قد رد الإستعانة بالمشركين في حالات(2) ،قبلها في حالات أخرى(3)،فدل ذلك على جواز أخذها للحاجة،والحاجة تنزل بمنزلة الضرورة.
2)أن يشح البديل عن تلك المساعدات،لأن في أخذ المساعدات منهم تحقيق مصلحة لهم،فلا نعطيهم إياها إلا إذا كان لنا مصلحة مشتركة في ذلك.
أما الموانع فخطرها عظيم،وضرر تجاهلها وخيم،وهي إجمالا:
-أن لايكون ذلك على حساب العقائد الشرعية ،والمبادئ المرعية،فأي مصلحة تكون على حساب الدين فهي مصلحة موهومة،ولا يحتج لنا بقاعدة الضرورات تبيح المحظورات،لأن الدين هو أول هذه الضرورات،،قال ابن أمير الحاج: "ويقدم حفظ الدين من الضروريات على ما عداه عند المعارضة لأنه المقصود الأعظم، قال تعالى: {وَمَا خَلَقْتُ ٱلْجِنَّ وَٱلإِنسَ إِلاَّ لِيَعْبُدُونِ} [الذاريات:56]، وغيره مقصود من أجله،(4)ومن صور ذلك:
أ-أن يستغل الإيرانيون ذلك بإظهار صور لقادة حماس-حفظهم الله- وهم يصلون مع الروافض،أو وهم يزورون قبور طواغيتهم كقبر الهالك الخميني،لأن مقصود الروافض من ذلك إظهار قادة حماس بمظهر المؤيد لدينهم اباطل،ولرموزهم البالية،و في ذلك تدليس على عوام أهل السنة،وتضليل لهم وتزيين لمذهب الرافضة لا أظن أن قادة حماس يرضون عنه،وإلا لماذا يحرص الرافضة على تصوير قادة حماس وهم يقومون بهذه المراسم؟.
ب-سكوت قادة حماس عن جرائم الشيعة في العراق وإيران،وهذا نقض لآيات قرآنية ،ولأحاديث نبوية نورانية تحث على عدم خذلان المسلمين،وتوجب نصرتهم،ولو بالاقوال.
ج-ان تكون المساعدات مشروطة ببناء مراكز ثقافية تنشر التشيع والرفض في فلسطين.
ء-أن يسكت أهل حماس عن تبيين عقيدة أهل السنة والجماعة بالذات المتعلقة بالصحابة،فبالرغم من الدعم الكبير الذي قدمه أبو طالب للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إلا أن الني لم يتوقف لحظةعن تبين عقائد المشركين الباطالة،ولم يراع أن أن عمه كان على الشرك.
ورب سائل يسأل:
وما مصلحة إيران في دعم حماس حينئذ؟؟
اقول مصلحتها هي زيادة التنكيل في أعدائها وأعداء حماس أميركا وإسرائيل-على فرض أن الشيعة يعادونهما-
وإذا كان لها مصلحة أخرى غير ذلك كنشر التشيع فلتبحث عن شيطان إنسي يساعدها في ذلك،فحماس حركة سنية مجاهدة لا ترضى بذلك.
وأذكر المجاهدين في حماس وهم أهل للذكرى أن استئناف الحياة الإسلامية لا يكون إلا بطريقة إسلامية،
وأذكرهم أن يعتصموا برب إيران فهو الذي رزق يونس في بطن الحوت،و أهلك فرعون صاحب الجبروت،
وهو الحي الذي لايموت،و نصره لمن لجأ إليه لا يفوت....((إن تنصروا اه ينصركم ويثبت اقدامكم))
1)وممن اشترط هذا الشرط الحنابلة(العدة شرح العمدة صفحة626،ونصره محمد صديق حسن خان في الروضة الندية صفحة750 طبعة ابن حزم،وهذا القول فيه جمع بين الأدلة،والجمع بين الأدلة أولى من الترجيح بينها.

2)منها حديث عائشة رضي الله عنها: عن عائشة قالت‏:‏ ‏(‏خرج النبي صلى اللّه عليه وآله وسلم قبل بدر فلما كان بحرة الوبرة أدركه رجل قد كان تذكر منه جرأة ونجدة ففرح به أصحاب رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله وسلم حين رأوه فلما أدركه قال‏:‏ جئت لأتبعك فأصيب معك فقال له رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله وسلم‏:‏ تؤمن باللّه ورسوله قال‏:‏ لا قال‏:‏ فارجع فلن أستعين بمشرك قالت‏:‏ ثم مضى حتى إذا كان بالشجرة أدركه الرجل فقال له كما قال أول مرة فقال له النبي صلى اللّه عليه وآله وسلم كما قال أول مرة فقال لا قال فارجع فلن أستعين بمشرك قال فرجع فأدركه بالبيداء فقال له كما قال أول مرة تؤمن باللّه ورسوله قال نعم فقال له فانطلق‏)‏‏.‏ رواه أحمد ومسلم‏.‏
3)منهاوعن ذي مخبر قال‏:‏ ‏(‏سمعت رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله وسلم يقول‏:‏ ستصالحون الروم صلحًا وتغزون أنتم وهم عدوًا من ورائكم‏)‏‏،رواه أحمد وأبو داود‏ وقد صححه الألباني في صحيح الجامع(3612)
4)انظر التقرير والتحبير:3/231

7:17 PM, January 06, 2007

Anonymous Anonymous said...

what is your source on haniyeh refusing to pray with shia?

7:59 PM, January 07, 2007

Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

Hi anonymous,

I am referring to the wire pictures that circulated on many Iraqi websites (...the Shi'a leaning ones) showing Haniya sitting and facing the camera at Friday prayers in Tehran while all those around him were kneeling in prayer. The commentary that accompanied those pictures was that Haniya was refusing to pray with Shi'as. It looked very awkward.



8:21 PM, January 07, 2007

Anonymous ScionofZion said...

This is all very interesting. But I think you leave out how strong the relationship already is. Khaled Meshaal has been feted in Tehran as a head of state. They are now training Hamas fighters in Iran. In 2005, Meeshal said any Israeli attack on Iranian nukes will provoke a big terror attack in Israel. He said this in Iran after meeting with Khamenei.

I think you raise a good point. How willing will the super lunatics be to take takfir money? I think we have already seen that it depends. Remember during the Hezbollah-Israel war, eventually Ikhwan and AQ supported hezbollah--after the fatwas from some leading wahabis saying not to support them. Also, the violence AQI can muster depends on many less pious actors, petty criminals, devoted secular baathists etc... Did Moqtada not briefly align with them in 2004? So depending on the month, the year, the circumstances etc.. the Wahabi inspired crazies make exceptions for doctrine.

9:25 PM, January 07, 2007

Anonymous Anonymous said...

I think that iranian regime is a liar and this regime hate the palestinians but there is no problem in a political purpose to take money from them.if there is union of interests to do so.Hamas are brotherood ,and those are pragmatic people.

11:06 AM, January 08, 2007

Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

Hi scionofzion,

I do write that Iran has been a longtime patron of Hamas--that's already established and doesn't need to be readdressed. What is new is that such Iranian patronage is becoming increasingly embarrassing for Hamas as the Shi'a-Sunni tensions rise across the Middle East. I am describing a situation in flux, while you are describing a static environment.

Today, avant garde jihadism is set by the successors to Zarqawi's legacy. The MB, or Ikhwan, are beyond irrelevant to this group. Even OBL and Zawahiri are relegated to the passe category.

This brings up a whole new question: does this new generation of jihadists really mean what they say (in speeches, on videos, on discussion forums...etc) or is part of it subterfuge? Are some groups, or parts of groups, false flag operations for Iranian intelligence? For Ba'athists? For others?

Would real jihadists willingly accept such a deception nowadays to get state sponsorship?

Again, the role of Zarqawi in this, and the new zeal he brought into the world of jihad, must be really looked into. When Zarqawi went to Afghanistan in early 2000, he fell out with OBL because the latter was unwilling to denounce the house of Saud as infidels, something Zarqawi and his mentor at the time, Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi, believed strongly. That happened because Maqdisi came from a whole different ideological trajectory than OBL. Today, jihadism is informed by the extrapolation of Maqdisi's trajectory through Zarqawi's influence and not by the original Al-Qaeda strain.

For someone like Zarqawi, it was very important for him to believe that he is honest and that he wouldn't compromise on his principles. He can employ 'tricks' (in Arabic, hiyel-singular heela) on the battlefield: ambushes, decoys, disinformation...etc. All things done by Muhammad and the early Muslims. But when it comes to ideology and principle, it was very important to be self-policing and strict, and in contrast to the legacy of Arab Nationalism, transparent. You have to remember that he was an upstart in the world of jihad and had much more to prove in order to leave his mark and be acknowledged.

And he succeeded, in ways that old Al-Qaeda hadn't (setting up shop in the heart of the ME) and with grander ambitions (accelerating the process of re-establishing the caliphate).

So the position that Zarqawi staked out eventually, is the one that all jihadist groups feel compelled to migrate too now.

And it is part of this general migration that compels Hamas to shift it stance vis-a-vis Iran.

For more reading:




8:03 PM, January 08, 2007

Anonymous Anonymous said...

I actually saw a picture of Haniyah recently praying with the Shia in Iran so I don't know what this other picture is about. Maybe Sunnis are trying to deemphasize Hamas' relations with Iran in order to delegitimize it (i.e. Iran).

Nevertheless, I agree with the above, Iran would have an interest in the Sunni-Zionist conflict for if there wasn't any, the Arab sunnis would turn Iran and the rest of the Shia world into their sponge of hatred.

Despicable people really where one would need a case such as Israel to ward off their innate satanic hatred for fellow Shia Muslims, and above all, human beings who just want to live in peace.

Long Live Bayan Jabr! God willing, he will be the next Prime Minister of a nasibi-free Iraq.


8:12 PM, January 08, 2007

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Stick to Iraq, your analysis on Hamas is weak, and clumsy.

1:00 PM, January 19, 2007

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