Unconventional thinking about the Middle East.

Tuesday, August 25, 2009

Ignatius on Shahwani and Iranian Influence in Iraq

David Ignatius published a column in the Washington Post today under the title ‘Behind the Carnage in Baghdad’. It is so rife with disinformation and error that one is at a loss as to where to begin.

The premise of the column is that Gen. Mohammed Abdullah al-Shahwani, who was appointed by Amb. Jerry Bremer as head of the newly resurrected Iraqi National Intelligence Service (INIS) in 2003 while the Coalition Provisional Authority was still in place and who has recently submitted his resignation, was one of the last remaining bulwarks against Iranian hegemony in Iraq and that his absence from power is a grave setback for Iraq’s sovereignty. Missing from Ignatius’ narrative is the fact that Shahwani’s contract expired in May 2009; the CPA had included him among several security and financial officials who were guaranteed a five year contract to stay in their positions when sovereignty was handed over in 2004, and these appointments could only be annulled by a parliamentary majority.

Also missing from the narrative is that the dismantling of anti-Iranian intelligence bulwarks in Iraq was the doing of the Americans. First reported in a column here, the intelligence unit whose job it was to monitor Iranian movements inside Iraq and to conduct counter-espionage operations inside Iran and elsewhere against Iranian interests was disbanded in November 2008 by a decision taken by the Central Intelligence Agency. The unit was established even before the new INIS was cobbled together under Shahwani, and consisted of 25 former Iraqi intelligence officers with experience on Iranian issues, who were paired up with a like-number of CIA officers. The unit never grew beyond this size and was housed in a building separate (but adjacent) to the new INIS headquarters. Shahwani had absolutely no jurisdiction over this unit and was barred from reviewing its product. Whatever anti-Iranian successes can be attributed to this unit have nothing to do with Shahwani’s tenure as head of the INIS; it was fully independent and secretive, and the decision to dismantle it was not one taken by the Iraqi government.

This information hasn’t been reported on previously, and no reporters have looked into it.

Furthermore, the leadership and rank and file of the chief Iranian terrorist outfit in Iraq, the so-called ‘League of the Righteous’, are now being released as part of a deal brokered by the Americans and the Brits. Again, this decision had very little input from the Iraqi government.

Muhammed Shahwani

Shahwani, a native of Mosul with Afghan heritage, was a former pilot with the Iraqi Army who had very little background in intelligence work. His 1996 coup attempt in conjunction with the CIA, as reviewed in the documents of Saddam’s mukhaberat of which I have copies and had a hand in locating, reads like amateur hour. As his conduit to fellow conspirators in Baghdad, he chose an Egyptian national of dubious mental stability who went off and volunteered his services to Saddam’s spies after Shahwani recruited him. Tens of officers, including Shahwani’s three sons, were executed because of this foolish mistake. The 1996 fiasco should have gone down in history as one of the agency biggest f*ck-ups, but the CIA found no one more qualified to appoint as nominal figurehead of the INIS than Shahwani in 2003. Shahwani had left the Iraqi military in 1984 and left Iraq in 1990. From 2003 through to 2007, the CIA provided the annual budget of the INIS, which peaked at 80 million dollars a year.

Even when supposedly running the new IIS, Shahwani was mostly on leave for treatment in Amman, Jordan. Day to day management of the IIS was left to his chief aide, Zuheir al-Ghreibawi (identified as Zuheir Fadel in the Ignatius piece), another former pilot that Shahwani had recruited and likewise lacking in an intelligence background. In recent years, Ghreibawi has ingratiated himself with Maliki in order to secure Shahwani’s job when the latter’s contract was up. It is still far from certain that Ghreibawi will get the top job. Other serious contenders are Nouri al-Badran (estranged brother-in-law to Ayad Allawi and former Minister of Interior), Qasim Daoud (Gulf-backed MP who is now part of the new UIA), Najib al-Salihi (former Iraqi officer and opposition figure), Gen. Abdel-Aziz al-Kubaisi (current head of personnel at the Ministry of Defense) and Gen. Farouq al-Araji (Maliki’s chief military advisor). Maliki has discussed these names, and none of them can be pegged as Iranian acolytes.

Shahwani was primarily useful for the CIA in conducting political black-ops and rumor campaigns against Iraqi politicians that the agency found to be a nuisance. Shahwani was sighted arriving in London a couple of days ago, and at this time may be back in the US where his family resides.

As for the threats against the officers of the INIS, which number 2,400 and not 6,000as Ignatius claims, some are really emanating from Iran but most of the hits they have gotten came from the jihadists or from internal score-settling, as certain networks of the INIS got involved in organized crime cartels. The cases involving Ayad al-Ubeidi, Rejeb al-Mashhadani and Amer al-Hashimi (VP Tareq al-Hashimi’s brother) come to mind.

As for the claim that Maliki travels around in an Iranian jet with an Iranian crew, attributed by Ignatius to an “Iraqi intelligence source who is close to Shahwani,” well, that is blatantly untrue and can be easily checked. The source also claims the Iranians promised Maliki a near-parliamentary majority, which can only be chalked up to bombast.

There is Iranian influence in Iraq, just as there are U.S. and other regional actors who have a say. But over-stating Iranian influence is an exercise in malicious myth-making, geared towards papering over mistakes, policy failures and casting doubt on Iraq’s sovereignty, a thing that many of Iraq’s Sunni neighbors, with close ties to the CIA, would like to underline for a variety of purposes. I’d like Iraq to be completely devoid of regional influence, but that is a fantasy at this stage. Truth is, the general trajectory of foreign influence in Iraq in on the wane, which is great. Hey, I’ve always argued that the reverse should be true: a democratic Iraq should be actively meddling, through its security agencies, in the internal affairs of its neighbors, empowering dissidents and doing, y’know, other stuff. Let’s see what the future has in store in this regard; I’m optimistic that it will happen.

In the vein of myth-making, the same source tells Ignatius that, in five years, “Iraq will be a colony of Iran” absent American help. But only briefly, for the Martian landing is expected soon that will put an end to the human species.

Mr. Ignatius is sourced-up at Langley, and it may be a stretch, as some claim, that he has been used by the agency for its own myth-making purposes over the years. Be that as it is, Ignatius should call up his sources and ask them why was the anti-Iran unit shut down in November 2008? Did that count as the absence of “American help”? The CIA spin would likely be another round of “Iranian influence” and that would be yet another serving of hogwash: Maliki never envisioned having the authority to shut down the outfit. In 2007, when he toured the INIS building, he was only allowed to see the first three floors and barred from touring the rest of the facility. Even Shahwani wasn’t allowed to set foot in the anti-Iran unit building. That team was seen as untouchable, even though the paramilitary arm associated with the unit, the so-called ‘Dirty Brigade’ then under Gen. Fadhel Jamil Barwari, was involved in all sorts of ‘extracurricular’ crime and political score-settling against Iraqi politicians and was the subject of angry recriminations (Note: the ‘Dirty Brigade’ is now under Maliki’s control). But no one dared to go after the unit, and everyone was surprised when the Americans suddenly pulled the plug on it.

Irrespective of the excesses of the INIS, I liked the idea that Iraq had a bad-ass unit dedicated to stamping down on Iranian toes. But it was an American decision to disable it, not an Iraqi one. I’d like to hear some answers that attempt to make sense of that stupid decision. Getting those answers, rather than splattering spin across the WaPo’s editorial pages, should be the job of someone like Mr. Ignatius.


Blogger bg said...


thank you TG!! :+:


4:58 PM, August 25, 2009

Anonymous Anonymous said...

dude, you are so self righteous that sometime you forget that you do not know everything. If you were an Iranian security guy, wouldn't you set your goal on infiltrating the "Dirty Brigade"?

If you were a CIA agent in charge, wouldn't you worry about Iranian infiltration and monitor all the Dirty Brigade.

You do not know everything and frankly to continue to accuse people whom you do not agree with of being incompetent.

Be humble a little bit and give the benefit of the doubt, every now and then. It may even make you a better analyst and even a politician sometime in the future.

12:42 AM, August 26, 2009

Anonymous Anonymous said...

anonymous 12:42: what are you talking about man? u don't make any sense!

6:32 AM, August 26, 2009

Anonymous Anonymous said...

"dirty brigade" is a term coined by Iranian serving Iraqis because this unit went after anyone bad, regardless of ethnicity! anyone using this term is loyal to iran.

4:54 PM, August 26, 2009

Anonymous Anonymous said...

I worked as a consultant for the Baghdad International Airport zone and was in close contact with the Director of Baghdad Airport, the Director of Civil Aviation as well as the Deputy Minister of Transportation. All three confirmed that Maliki travels using an Iranian Airbus flown by an Iranian crew. They pointed out the plane to me. Were they all lying?

3:55 AM, August 29, 2009

Anonymous Faisal Kadri said...

I and many Iraqis believe that disbanding INIS/IIS without creating a replacement is a dumb act to the ninth degree, and maybe Iran's involvement in Iraq has evolved, maybe because money is tight and the effects of the Iranian elections debacle. And handing over the control of the "Dirty Brigade" to Maliki seems a bit bizarre but if it turns out that Maliki flies an Iranian jet then the decision will seem almost naive. I asked better informed sources, apparently it is true, Maliki prefers to fly an Iranian jet but some countries, like Egypt, refuse its entry. It is highly symbolic for an Iraqi prime minister to put so much trust in Iran, I think the Obama administration needs new consultants. And you are wrong, Nibras.

11:01 AM, August 29, 2009

Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

Dear Faisal and Anon (the contractor),

You are both right on the plane. I got this from a source: "But re: the jet, Maliki does fly in an Iranian jet with an Iranian crew. It is the big white Airbus that is usually parked on the lefthand apron as you approach the terminal. IRI gave the jet to the Iraqis and the Iraqis had no crew capable of flying it. The Iranian crew lives at the Rashid Hotel."

But another source claimed that Maliki only occassionally uses the plane, and since it was a gift from the Iranians, then the source asks if it such a big deal than why don't the Americans or the Europeans or even the Saudis give Iraq a plane and a crew as a gift?

So yes, I was wrong on this count, but am I also wrong about shutting down the INIS's anti-Iran unit by the CIA? Am I also wrong about releasing the Asaib Ahl Al-Haq leaders, another Coalition decision? Some folks at the agency and in the US bureaucracy have some embarassing mistakes to reveal before Congress and the media.

However that may be, I know that I am not wrong about the fact that some interested parties are maintaining a narrative of over-emphasizing Iran's influence in Iraq, which is devoid of substantiation. This is overstated, and it sometimes reeks of empty-headed sectarianism, which through clientitis infects American and British bureaucrats. My credibility on this and on other matters is for my long term readers to judge. I've made many enemies over the course of the years, and casting doubts on my loyalties is a childish game played by some when they are all of out of reasonable arguments.

Iraq's reality is Iraq's internal political balances. Regional meddling cancels itself out, and can never tip the balance one way or another. Thinking that it can, to my mind, is gullible and simplistic.



2:38 PM, August 29, 2009

Anonymous Anonymous said...

With regard to your claim that Shahwani bungled the coup against Saddam, I was chatting with a friend of mine who was intimately involved in the coup. He claims that it was your buddy Ahmad Chalabi who spoiled the coup by leaking it to Saddam because he was pissed he was not part of it.

He also claims that you are mistaken about the Iran section of the Iraqi intel agency. He claims it still exists.

2:26 AM, August 30, 2009

Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

Dear anonymous,

Your friend is feeding you BS and disinformation. This friend probably thinks that you will in turn do your utmost to act as a fig leaf for the agency on this blog. The copies of the Iraqi mukhaberat files, and the investigation report that was sent to Saddam, are in my possession. I also got to see the originals, and I facilitated their handover from the person who had first snatched them out of the regime's archives. Blaming Chalabi is easy, and when done anonymously it is also cowardly, but it doesn't change irrefutable fact: the INC learnt from its sources inside the mukhaberat at the time that the CIA-Allawi-Shahwani operation was compromised, and Chalabi went to the director of the CIA at the time (...Deutch (sp?), Tenet was his deputy) and told them that the cover was blown. All this is already in the public record. Tenet made a career of finding convenient scapegoats for his failures and pushing his talking points on gullible activist reporters, and it is frankly boring and unimaginative that those same hackneyed tricks are still being employed by the bureaucracy that Tenet had shaped.

The files reveal that it was the person who Shahwani recruited as a conduit who first went to the mukhaberat and alerted them that a coup conspiracy is on. The files get into all the relevant details, and what happened to the conduit later on.

As for the Iran section, it was shut down in November 2008, and all 25 staff were told to go home or leave the country for their own safety. I am certain of this information, and I'm sure it will leak out in the next round of internal CIA recriminations.



6:09 PM, August 30, 2009

Anonymous Faisal Kadri said...

I am a long term reader but I always separated the information from the personality, I wasn't interested in your loyalties until now.
Your first source said "IRI gave the jet to the Iraqis", I guess what he/she meant is loaned until the Iraqi presidential aircraft is fixed. The aircraft flies the Iranian flag and has Iranian crews and this is a big deal. Your second source seems to be an Iranian apologist; it is preposterous to compare the (generosity) of the Iranians with that of the Americans or the Europeans. I don't like to adopt the same tone of your source but I would like to offer a scenario built on the same logic: The Iranians return the many military Iraqi aircrafts sent by Saddam but because we don't have pilots, and let's not ask who killed them, they send them with pilots! Wei wei, how generous!
"Regional meddling cancels itself out" works like the cold war era, when smaller nations balanced one superpower against the other in order to gain small advantage and carve political ground as in the positive neutrality movement, it assumes a role of skillful patriotic broker for the rulers of the small countries. When the prime minister flies the aircraft of a meddling country he is no longer patriotic nor skillful. Maliki should return the Iranian aircraft immediately if he wants to run in the election on a patriotic platform, or he should join the new alliance and keep it.

11:05 AM, August 31, 2009

Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

Dear Faisal,

So now that you have started to become aware of my loyalties, would you mind telling us where you think they lie? This is very important for me; once you state your opinion, then I will have a clearer sense of my self.



2:49 PM, August 31, 2009

Anonymous Faisal Kadri said...


You will probably not like what I say.

For the most part, I would say 75%, your rhetoric comes across as sincere and optimistic loyal to Iraq and sensitive to U.S. interests and concerns. You are impulsive, many Americans don't like that, but to Iraqis that's a sign of courage.
For the remaining 25%, your second source is probably an apologist for Iran and you came across as a sympathiser, which tells me that you may have divided loyalty.
I know you are a Shia and your family is leftist from the time of the monarchy, but you got to understand that you will never rise as a leader of your sect or of the Iraqi communist party, in other word you don't need to show them loyalty. You need to show 75% empathy with Baathists and Sunnis if you want to enter Iraqi politics as a nonsectarian, and what I see is zero.

8:48 AM, September 01, 2009

Blogger bg said...


Faisal Kadri @ 8:48 AM

and who do you think you are, Lucy??


10:31 AM, September 01, 2009

Anonymous Faisal Kadri said...

Good one bg,

At least I got my first client, thank you Nibras, I start charging a dime for consultation, eat your heart out bg.

Seriously now, who do I think I am? I am a known entity and I have a message: UN run census and elections for Iraq. In simple terms, I am convinced that there are no political parties in Iraq; there are only tribes who call themselves political parties, with one exception. And you cannot depend on a ruling tribe to discipline its members and be fair and inclusive with the other tribes, Iraq needs the UN in order to start the tradition of self discipline and inclusive democracy.

4:27 AM, September 02, 2009

Blogger bg said...


no, the UN needs Iraq more
than Iraq needs the UN..

the UN who saw fit to leave a maddaS in power in exchange for kick backs is the last thing Iraq needs..

the UN is a disgrace, just ask the Rwandans,
Sudanese, or Darfurians, Haitians, etc..

[and i wouldn't worry about that tribal warfare stuff, Obama's working on constructing the same system here in the US..]


9:07 AM, September 02, 2009

Anonymous Free Quark said...

Faisel Kadri;

Neither the UN nor any outside party can instill self discipline into anyone. This is a character trait that must be wanted and initiated by the individual.

8:42 AM, September 03, 2009

Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

Dear Faisal,

Hmmmm, pegging me as an Iran apologist is bewildering, since I'm under the impression that I would be arrested on the border if I try to enter Iranian territory. But maybe it is all in my mind, or maybe the Iranians have been reading what I've been saying about them over the last five years. But the "Iran apologist" label seems to be a convenient way for some, whatever their agendas, to taint all Shias. Problem is --and I wonder how it would factor into your reasoning -- I'm half Sunni. And not just any kind of Sunni, but from a quite the Sunni religious family.

And what is 75% empathy? I don't follow your complex math. Sorry, but there is almost no empathy in me for Ba'athism, and I doubt that I'd ever sacrifice this most closely held belief for the sake of political expediency. As it is, I resigned from politics five years ago, after spending seven years working with the Iraqi opposition. I have very little interest at this stage of my life to re-enter politics; my passion, I've found, is to defeat the bad gyus: jihadists, autocrats, organized crime ...etc, across the Middle East.

Furthermore, secularism is not defined by being soft on Ba'athists. You may be out of touch with the rage the vast majority of Iraqis still hold against the Ba'ath Party and its legacy. Neither does the Ba'ath equal Sunnism; I'd say that that is a Ba'athist talking point to rally supporters.

As for you being a known quantity, excuse me for being ignorant of your persona. I simply don't know who you are and I haven't heard of you before you started commenting on this blog.

All the best,


11:14 AM, September 03, 2009

Anonymous Faisal Kadri said...

Dear Nibras,

I am not pegging you as an Iran apologist, you are doing a fine job of it all by yourself. Your second source is, and you come across as a sympathizer. Moreover, if your source didn't find sympathy in you then he/she wouldn't confide in you. Agreeing with an opinion that compares Iranian generosity with that of the U.S. is a dumb political mistake on your part, specially when the U.S. was so generous to you, if you can't get this point then you are not very smart. And neither you nor all your sources count for the Shias.
As for being half Sunni, this doesn't factor in the loyalty argument, I think neither the Sunnis nor the Shias need your loyalty. Whichever way you show your loyalty will be for your own advantage/disadvantage.
The "complex" math is to explain that you should defend the right of Sunnis and Baathist to participate in the political process without agreeing with Saddam's practices; in your entry of August 15 you praised the triumphal poetry "We will never give it up.." The poetry came across as expressing your own sentiment. Such an attitude is OK for a poet but not for an intelligence source such as you, it shows readiness for exclusive democracy. Democracy is not an exclusive party with participation by selective invitation.
You say that you have no empathy with Baathism; you don't have to, and you don't empathize with ideas, you empathize with people.
I am pleased that you don't know me, I am out of your focus of intelligence circle.

6:28 PM, September 07, 2009

Blogger Nibras Kazimi نبراس الكاظمي said...

Dear Faisal,

I really cannot follow your reasoning. You are right, I am not very smart, certainly not enough to make sense of your cleverness and insight. The best course of action for me is to let you be, pontificating at leisure, on the comments section.

But just to clarify, I don't give much thought to Ba'athist ideas. To me the Ba'athists were a criminal organization, as evidenced by a long litany of crimes, and their ideology was superfluous to their essential goal, which was to hold on to power. I'd say that this approach of mine is borne out of a long-ish time spent actually fighting the Ba'athists and bringing them down, and viewing first-hand what actions they catalogued in their archives.

But it goes without saying, you know better. Enjoy commenting.



7:41 PM, September 07, 2009

Blogger bg said...


not to worry TG..

your readers are brighter & more discerning than
the occasional psychoanalytical "know it nots"..

they're just good little followers
of ObamAlinsky's rule #12.. :D


8:16 PM, September 07, 2009

Anonymous S.Evans said...

Iran and Iraq have conflicting foreign interests. As a result there will ALWAYS be friction between the two nations until they can agree to disagree on the Shi'ia/Sunni split and otherwise cooperate without recrimination or old sores being opened.

Of course this isn't necessarily in the interests of the United States itself, so breaking up an Iraqi intelligence unit dedicated to peering inside the Iranian skull would be a logical strategic move for the US.

I find the most disturbing elements of our (the US's) foreign policy to be an almost unstated policy of making sure our enemies are also each others enemies so we needn't ever confront them. Our proxy wars against the Soviet Union resulted in many deaths, and only by the slimmest of margins did we prevent that conflict from escalating into direct conflict and then nuclear conflict.

No matter Iran's intentions with respect to atomic (not thermonuclear) weapons, they'll never be able to put to rest the distrust of the West, even if they allowed a UN inspector to live with every nuclear scientist they have. Fortunately I have a weather gauge for that. One of my former professors, in fact one of the best of the best, went back to Iran and helped father that nations computer revolution by creating a Farsi based operating system and user applications. If he returns to the United States then I will KNOW things have seriously gone to shit over there. Until then I'm chalking a great deal of what's been said at least in the Western press up to their inability to understand the history of the region or the differences in the cultures.

The return of Persia to the world stage is something the US very much does NOT want to see, and yet it is all but inevitable if the Republic part of "Islamic Republic" is allowed to flourish. If instead it is strangled in its crib by Mullahs who need external enemies to stay in power, then there will never be peace between Iran and Iraq.

1:27 PM, January 05, 2010

Anonymous Anonymous said...

the north facethe north face
north face jacketnorth face jacket
north face jacketsnorth face jackets
north facenorth face
north face outletnorth face outlet
North Face Mens JacketsNorth Face Mens Jackets
pandora pandora
pandora bracelets pandora bracelets
pandora charms pandora charms
Pandora BanglePandora Bangle
pandora charms braceletspandora charms bracelets
charm bracelets pandoracharm bracelets pandora
pandora bracelets ukpandora bracelets uk
links bracelet links bracelet
links london bracelet links london bracelet
links london charms links london charms
links charms links charms
charm bracelets charm bracelets
links bracelet sweetie links bracelet sweetie
charm links bracelet charm links bracelet
sweetie bracelet sweetie bracelet
links of london links of london
links london links london
ugg boots ugg boots
As Seen On TV As Seen On TV
Video Game AccessoriesVideo Game Accessories
Laptop Batteries Laptop Batteries
ed hardy clothing ed hardy clothing
Abercrombie And Fitch Abercrombie And Fitch
tiffany jewellery tiffany jewellery

1:29 AM, April 15, 2010

Blogger jill said...

nintendo ds tt card
dsi card.
dstti for dsi
m3i zero
r4 ds
r4i card
r4 nintendo ds.
acekard 2i dsi.
ak2i card
tti upgrade revolution.
ez flash vi dsi.
ez vi
dstti adv
dstti card for dsi
m3 ds real
r4i sdhc
nintendo ds r4 card
acekard 2i cards
acekard 2i 1.4
acekard 2i ds lite.
glasses online
acekard 2i cards
acekard 2i 1.4
acekard 2i ds lite.

11:19 PM, April 28, 2010

Blogger jill said...

glasses online
eyeglasses frams
prescription eyeglasses
prescription glasses
prescription glasses
bifocals glasses
bifocals eyeglasses
progressive glasses.
progressive eyeglasses.
mens glasses
men's glasses.
mens eyeglasses
mens eyewear.
men's eyewear
womens glasses
women's glasses.
womens eyeglasses.
womens eyeglasses.
womens eyewear
women's eyewear
kids glasses
kid's glasses.
kids eyeglasses
kids eyewear
full frame glasses
full frame eyeglasses
full frame eyewear
classic glasses.
classic eyeglasses
classic eyewear
glasses online
eyeglasses frams
prescription glasses.
womens eyeglasses.
womens eyewear
women's eyewear
kids glasses
kid's glasses.
kids eyeglasses
kids eyewear
full frame glasses .
full frame eyeglasses
full frame eyewear!
classic glasses.
classic eyeglasses
classic eyewear
glasses online
eyeglasses frams
prescription glasses.

11:19 PM, April 28, 2010

Blogger jill said...

nfl hats
nfl hat
nfl fitted hats
cheap nfl hats
nfl hats online
nfl caps
nfl cap
new era hats
dc shoes hats.
monster energy hats
monster energy hat.
monster energy caps.
monster energy cap
wholesale nfl caps
nfl caps for sale
nfl hats for sale
wholesale nfl hats
new nfl hats
nfl hat cap
nfl sideline hats
nfl hats
nfl hat.
nfl fitted hats
cheap nfl hats.
nfl hats online
nfl caps
nfl cap.
new era hats
dc shoes hats
monster energy hats
monster energy hat
monster energy caps.
monster energy cap
monster energy hats for sale.
cheap monster energy hats.
monster energy hats on sale!
monster energy caps for sale
nfl hats info, it helps a lot.
new era hats
dc shoes hats

11:20 PM, April 28, 2010

Blogger jill said...

ray-ban glasses
police glasses.
bvlgari glasses.
prada glasses
giorgio-armani glasses
hugo-boss glasses

11:21 PM, April 28, 2010

Blogger jill said...

ray-ban glasses
police glasses.
bvlgari glasses.
prada glasses
giorgio-armani glasses
hugo-boss glasses
miumiu glasses
chanel glasses
escada glasses
emporio-armani glasses.
gucci glasses
d&g glasses
givenchy glasses!
chopin glasses
chloe glasses
glasses online.

11:21 PM, April 28, 2010

Anonymous replica watches uk said...

Replica Watches UK
Rolex Air King|
Rolex DateJust|
Rolex Datejust II|
Rolex Day Date|
Rolex Day Date II|
Rolex Daytona|
Rolex Explorer|
Rolex GMT|
Rolex Masterpiece|
Rolex Milgauss|
Rolex Sea Dweller|
Rolex Submariner|
Rolex Yachtmaster|

5:31 AM, May 20, 2010

Anonymous vernis alma said...

It’s rare that you find a louis vuitton bag can be so bright and stunning in red. It is in unique fashion. louis vuitton damier neverfull mm has launched repeatedly lv handbag in this kind of red. All of designer handbags are so stunning, for example the Louis Vuitton purses. This time, I am so struck by the truly bright Louis Vuitton Monogram Vernis Sunset Boulevard Bag. louis vuitton handbags know well that maybe you don't like this kind of red, or rather, think Chanel Lambskin 2010 New Flap Bag(Fuschia) disgusting. However, that’s why I love it so much. In addition, the style is full of distinct personality.

8:41 PM, June 21, 2010

Anonymous nike shox said...

(Had she waited until nike shox about 6 p.m. Jordan Basketball Shoes, she could have been the recipient of 42 of the biggest baby Michael Jordan Shoes in the nike air max 90 of baby nike dunk shoes. Heck, Joe Gibbs Racing might have even bought her a winter nike air max in the jordan shoes. Instead, she'll have to settle for the standard baby nike sb dunks and rattles as the mid-week birth means that Johnson won't miss any seat time at Chicagoland this weekend.) .. Buy cheap Jordan 1 shoes here! We sell Jordan 2 online. Do you like Jordan 3 shoes? This is a Jordan 4 shoes ! Get your Jordan 5 now! Cheap Jordan 6 for sale! Buy Jordan 7 on line! Who have Jordan 8 ~~? I love Jordan 9 shopping! Here my Jordan 10? Are your Jordan 11 here? Cheapest Jordan 12 store! Buy this Jordan 13 now. Discount Jordan 14 for sale! Buy my Jordan 15 now. My friend's Jordan 16 here! A pair of Jordan 17 shoes there! I lost Jordan 18 tomorrow! I picked your Jordan 19 shoes. Do you find Jordan 20? Here my Jordan 21 shoes! They sell Jordan 22 there! Buy Nike Shox NZ from USA. Buy discount Nike Shox OZ in UK? Wow , look Nike Shox R4 !I love Nike Shox R5 so much! I can wear Nike Shox TL3 everday! Can I keep Nike Shox R3 today?

12:19 AM, July 09, 2010

Blogger King Bayern Munich said...

We supply many styles of sofas,such as living-room-sofa, Modern leather sofa . soft sofa. Lounge-sofa .
e supply all kinds of stone product,such as china tombstones, Modern-stone-sculpture, paving-stone Glazed-Vitrified-Tiles

12:07 AM, August 03, 2010

Anonymous Anonymous said...

AC Adapter for Apple AC Adapter for Apple
AC Adapter for ASUSAC Adapter for ASUS
AC Adapter for CompaqAC Adapter for Compaq
AC Adapter for Dell AC Adapter for Dell
AC Adapter for FujitsuAC Adapter for Fujitsu
AC Adapter for GatewayAC Adapter for Gateway
AC Adapter for HPAC Adapter for HP
AC Adapter for IBMAC Adapter for IBM
AC Adapter for LiteonAC Adapter for Liteon
AC Adapter for SamsungAC Adapter for Samsung
AC Adapter for SonyAC Adapter for Sony
AC Adapter for Toshiba AC Adapter for Toshiba
ASUS 70-NGA1B1001M Battery ASUS 70-NGA1B1001M Battery

9:49 PM, August 03, 2010

Blogger polo shirts said...

History of polo ralph lauren. Polo fashions had its humble beginnings in 1968 when tie salesman Ralph Lauren gave it a kick start. By 1969 he had a boutique polo ralph lauren factory stores within the Manhattan department store Bloomingdale's. ... Brands and luxury standard. Since Ralph Lauren's first brand, Polo Ralph Lauren, was launched, the company has expanded to include a variety of luxury brands such as Polo Golf, Polo Denim, Polo Sport. You can buy cheap Ralph Lauren Clothing at Ralph Lauren outlet.Also We provide polo shirts
Ralph Lauren polo shirt, 50% OFF! polo ralph lauren outlet online is your best choice!In 2006, polo ralph lauren outlet became the first designer in Wimbledon's 133-year history to create official uniforms for the tournament. As part of this year's event, which starts next week, polo ralph lauren sale will introduces the first ... determination to maintain and enhance the values for which our two brands are famous throughout the world. The rugby ralph lauren brand brings to Wimbledon the look of timeless elegance, drawing on our rich history and traditions

12:45 AM, August 09, 2010

Anonymous vibram fivefingers said...

The vibram fivefingers is important to stimulate and exercise the foot in a more natural states on a regular basis. The vibram fivefingers not only dependent on its looks but on its performance. Vibram fivefingers will be a good taste on the feet , so it might be a good idea to test them on your feet.
The vibram fivefingers are designes as a shoes that can overcome frictio, keep away from water. so the The vibram fivefingers get acclaim from people from the world .

10:08 PM, August 23, 2010

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Iranian Influence in Iraq is more than it seems to be....
Forex articles
Forex broker reviews

1:45 AM, August 26, 2010

Anonymous Anonymous said...

I totally agree with you on the point of Ugg Boots. This is a nice article for sure.

This is the best Cheap Ugg Boots article I have ever found on the Internet.

This Ugg Boots Sale article is definitely eye-opening and inspiring.

Great resources of Ugg Boots UK! Thank you for sharing this with us.

I am glad to read some fantastic Ugg article like this.

I love this Cheap Ugg article since it is one of those which truly convey useful ideas.

I like your ideas about Cheap Uggs and I hope in the future there can be more bright articles like this from you.

Good job for writing this brilliant article of Ugg Australia.

It has been long before I can find some useful articles about Ugg Boots Australia. Your views truly open my mind.

1:39 AM, October 25, 2010

Anonymous Anonymous said...

xbox 360 card
xbox 360 points
xbox 360 live points
xbox 360 cards
xbox 360 live points card

11:35 PM, November 29, 2010

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Buy kamagra online
Buy levitra
lasix Ohne Rezept Kaufen
lasix Bestellen Online
clomid Kaufen
effexor xr Bestellen
lasix Ohne Rezept Bestellen
clomid auf Rezept
Buy proscar online
lasix Bestellen
cytotec Ohne Rezept
Rezeptfrei clomid
nolvadex Bestellen Rezeptfrei
Order accutane Online
flagyl auf Rezept
Ohne Rezept accutane
amoxil Ohne Rezept Bestellen

5:31 AM, March 16, 2011

Blogger lily said...

What do you observe when you meet a person for the first time? Does a dress or stylish jewelry look good? Do you think shoes carry out a healthy impression particularly to those who judge people with their shoes they usually prefer to wear? Well, shoes are really very important to bring out an overall good impact. Nike Shoes are liked and recognized all over the world.
Nike Shoes Us
We provide products of
Nike Air Max 1
Air Max Griffey 1
Nike Air Max 180
Nike Air Max 2009
Nike Air Max 2010
Nike Air Max 24 7
Nike Air Max 87
Nike Air Max 2011
Nike Air Max 90
Nike Air Max 91
Nike Air Max 95
Nike Air Max BW
Nike Air Max Plus TN
Nike Air Max LTD
Nike Air Max Boots
Nike Air Max Presto
Nike Air Max Skyline
Nike Air Max Turbulence
Nike Air Max Fitsole
Nike Air Max Goadome
Nike Air Max Zenyth
Nike Air Max Wildwood Supreme
Nike Air Max Zoom Kobe
Nike Air Max Shoes
Buy Nike Air Max
Christian Louboutin Outlet
Nike Outlets

8:04 PM, June 23, 2011

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Though these kind of oakley frogskins may be fabricated along with uijgfnhm classy, these are cheap. this specific actually is primarily since nearly all while using users involving Oakley sunglasses, your enormous men and women, are not able to spend on deluxe solutions. most of the charges involving oakley frogskins presented from the market are generally underneath one hundred bucks. Your temple involving oakley jawbone can be wide-ranging along with comprehensive involving creative imagination.Zero matter your fine rounded radian or maybe your oblong composition, your temple involving oakley flak jacket can be delicate. The idea not simply calls for your seen elegance into mind, but in addition can be warm for you to don. moreover for you to these kind of, your permanent fixture involving chemical along with shade can be fair. Right now, you may can understand the contact lenses involving individual's oakley radar come to be even bigger along with more substantial. buyers whom place on some Oakley sunglasses using enormous contact lenses declare who's may screen his or her good individuality.

12:58 AM, July 15, 2011

Blogger Unknown said...

Famous The movies Oakley Sunglasses Outlet superstars who vftbieg are well-known with regard to their higher Half X sensibility to style richly present Oakley Stpl Jawbone clear of this tendency. Oversized Oakley Jawbone are capturing consideration interior previous all this pattern has as a final point used it is Sale Oakley Sunglasses soil typically. But as per style pioneers opt for the just almost Oakley Sunglasses Discount which meets you very good. A extensive a number of Half X Oakley which might be during come july 1st time Oakley Sunglasses Cheap might be viewed featuring with many colour and might be viewed in numerous outlines in addition to sizes.

9:24 PM, July 22, 2011

Anonymous live cricket streaming said...

After all, what a great site and informative posts, I will upload inbound link – bookmark this web site? Regards, Reader.

8:34 AM, July 25, 2011

Anonymous live cricket streaming said...

After all, what a great site and informative posts, I will upload inbound link – bookmark this web site? Regards, Reader.
live cricket streaming

8:35 AM, July 25, 2011

Blogger Unknown said...

Distinct design vbaghnm and style, figure, coloring, sizes along with design and style involving rounded eye Oakley Frogskins are generally around to fulfill numerous requirements currently. Furthermore, you could possibly invest in some low cost Oakley Frogskin using exceptional along with cut-throat price ranges. Normally, some brand name Cheap Oakley Sunglasses will certainly price tag a lot of cash flow to make certain that will numerous folks are unable to find the money for these people. getting a low cost Oakley Jawbone are unable to just guarantee the high quality, but in addition commit a lesser amount of a lot of cash flow to the various Oakley Jawbones other expending.

2:27 AM, July 26, 2011

Blogger Half X Oakley said...

You may want to track vgebhty down nicely made Oakley Sunglasses Cheap using excellent skiing conditions helmets Half X Oakley for you to supplement his or her sporty search. There exists merely one Oakley Sunglasses Discount pertaining to shopper decide on as part of your past Sale Oakley Sunglasses ages. Effectively, the idea tend not to visual appeal that will desired somehow. Nevertheless Oakley Jawbone right now, customers employ a a lot superior alternative: Oakley Stpl Jawbone. Half X while their concept demonstrates could make the thing is that evident though preserving way up your current sight via Oakley Sunglasses Outlet highly effective sun rays.

11:38 PM, July 26, 2011

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Even though the that means trjgfhpo regarding Oakley Frogskins and even the particular creation method regarding Oakley sunglasses are usually somewhat diverse. The particular cheap oakley sunglasses are usually made together with amber-tinted contact lenses, getting the goal of selection out there the particular glowing blue lights with all the array, as a result to boost the complete coloring vividness.Inside the oakley radar of natural light spectacles, you possess any alternative regarding 3 many contact lens components. The particular developers recognize that 1 type of contact lens will not match up every person, so they really have a very alternative on the market to make sure which you have the proper oakley jawbones natural light spectacles to suit your needs. Also despite the fact that every one of the associates with all the oakley jawbone are usually polarized and also include 100% ultra-violet defense, an individual nevertheless have got alternatives. The original type of contact lens it is possible to pick any time acquiring Oakley natural light spectacles will be polarized frosted goblet and also polarized reflect goblet.

1:36 AM, July 28, 2011

Blogger Half X said...

You can virtual vbghtyfc the Oakley Sunglasses Cheap which you have chosen on Half X Oakley the similar model with your face shape. It can Oakley Sunglasses Discount help you choose a pair of suitable and fashionable Sale Oakley Sunglasses. You also can virtual them on Oakley Jawbone your own pictures after you upload your pictures on your computer. These prescription Oakley Stpl Jawbone are designed by different face shape, skin tones, colors and personalities, all of these can help you find a pair of ideal Half X. Wearing a pair of prescription Oakley Sunglasses Outlet will be fashionable and suitable.

3:20 AM, August 05, 2011

Blogger abercrombiefitch said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

7:46 AM, August 24, 2011

Blogger Latest nike shoes said...

Wonderful article ah well. Content is real attractive. The way to bring you good news: This Nike soccer cleats ultra vibrant New nike soccer shoes ...The Nike soccer cleats has a huge army of fans across the globe, and if you're one of them we know you love them to be bright, flashy and in-your-face colours. Checking out these nike mercurial vapor superfly III fg versions, part of Nike's Fall seasonal releases, we're sure you're going to love these Nike Football Cleats too, they combine Laser technology and Nike Mercurial Vapor Superfly with the Vapor series!especially once they start appearing en masse on pitch. You can click "VIEW MORE" for more detailed pictures. New levels of performance after nike mercurial vapor superfly III new levels of performance after.

6:46 AM, August 29, 2011

Anonymous www.colchones.cn said...

I fully match with whatever thing you have written.

10:06 AM, November 17, 2011

Blogger vpnday said...

Moncler Moncleris a famous name which is familiar to anyone who loves the mountains and easy wear. TheMoncler products are very popular all over the world, especially Moncler jacketsMoncler Vest. The name comes from the abbreviation of Monestier de Clermont, a place near Grenobie where, in 1952 Rene Ramillion and Andre Vincent founded Mens Moncler Jacketswhat would become one of the most famous companies.

12:52 AM, November 26, 2011

Blogger piuminimoncler said...

Moncler Sito Ufficiale, Piumini Moncler è stata fondata in Francia nel 1952
Moncler Sito Ufficiale
Moncler sito ufficiale, Piumini Moncler risparmiare
Piumini Moncler
In winter,piumini moncler is our necessities.We can buy them in moncler
Giubbotti Moncler
Moncler,Piumini Moncler, Moncler Piumini, Moncler Sito Ufficiale, Piumini Moncler Donna, Piumini Moncler Uomo
Moncler Outlet
Moncler outlet negozio online, abbiamo piรน economico e migliore Moncler uomo

8:51 PM, November 30, 2011

Blogger Unknown said...

Your forever friend holds your hand and haoxiod81 tells you that everything is going to be okay.
Wholesale New Era Hats
Cheap New Era Hats
Wholesale Hats
New Era 59fifty Hats
Cheap Hats

6:55 PM, April 24, 2012

Anonymous oct809 said...

Yeah, that's good.
louis vuitton outlet
louis vuitton handbags
cheap louis vuitton handbags
Beats By Dre Solo
Beats By Dre Solo Hd
Monster Beats Mlb
cheap beats by dre
monster headphones
monster beats headphones

1:11 AM, August 22, 2012

Blogger Unknown said...

شات عراقنا
دردشة عراقنا
جات عراقنا
شات كيكه
دردشة عبدالله
شات العراق
منتدى عراقنا
منتدى دردشة عراقنا

4:33 AM, October 22, 2012

Blogger Unknown said...

cheap jordan shoes
coach outlet store online clearances
kevin durant shoes
replica watches
true religion jeans
coach outlet store online
michael kors uk
michael kors outlet
adidas yeezy
coach outlet
coach factory outlet
toms outlet
jordan 8
louis vuitton outlet
jordan concords
adidas shoes
nfl jerseys wholesale
adidas shoes
nike roshe runs
christian louboutin flats
true religion jeans
kate spade
michael kors outlet
jordan retro 3
burberry outlet online
michael kors outlet online
louis vuitton handbags
fitflops sale clearance
louis vuitton handbags
louis vuitton outlet
cheap oakley sunglasses
supra sneakers
coach outlet
kate spade handbags
nike roshe run
caoch outlet
cheap jordans
coach outlet

6:58 PM, June 07, 2016

Blogger Unknown said...

longchamp outlet
off-white clothing
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet
nike shoes
nike trainers uk
air max 90
supreme outlet
green bay packers jerseys

6:01 PM, June 07, 2018

Blogger Unknown said...

jordan shoes
supreme shirt
basketball shoes
ray ban eyeglasses
adidas outlet
nike outlet
red bottoms
coach outlet
canada goose jackets
ecco shoes

7:07 PM, July 02, 2018

Blogger Unknown said...

issey miyake perfume
nhl jerseys
nike requin pas cher
pandora charms outlet
pandora jewelry
canada goose jackets
adidas yeezy
pandora charms
red bottom shoes
kate spade outlet online

7:42 PM, July 15, 2018

Blogger Unknown said...


true religion jeans
christmas presents
true religion jeans

clarks shoes
pandora charms
canada goose outlet
air max 90
ecco shoes
ugg boots

6:55 PM, October 17, 2018

Blogger jeje said...

off white outlet
christian louboutin outlet
nike outlet
true religion jeans outlet

canadian goose
coach outlet
kate spade outlet
ralph lauren polo
moncler jacket

6:15 PM, October 23, 2018

Blogger Unknown said...

coach handbags
coach outlet sale
michael kors uk
chrome hearts online
russell westbrook shoes
michael kors outlet online
golden goose
nike huarache
yeezy boost 350
goyard st louis tot

12:49 AM, October 26, 2018

Blogger Unknown said...


fitflops clearance
christian louboutin
ralph lauren polo
ralph lauren polo
canada goose outlet
coach outlet

true religion jeans

1:03 AM, November 15, 2018

Anonymous freeforex said...

Bollinger Bands guidelines

forex signals : W-Bottoms
W-Bottoms were part of Arthur Merrill's work that identified 16 patterns with a basic W shape. Bollinger uses these various W patterns with Bollinger Bands to identify W-Bottoms. A “W-Bottom” forms in a downtrend and involves two reaction lows. In particular, Bollinger looks for W-Bottoms where the second low is lower than the first but holds above the lower band. There are four steps to confirm a W-Bottom with Bollinger Bands. First, a reaction low forms. This low is usually, but not always, below the lower band. Second, there is a bounce towards the middle band. Third, there is a new price low in the security. This low holds above the lower band. The ability to hold above the lower band on the test shows less weakness on the last decline. Fourth, the pattern is confirmed with a strong move off the second low and a resistance break.

forex signals : M-Tops
M-Tops were also part of Arthur Merrill's work that identified 16 patterns with a basic M shape. Bollinger uses these various M patterns with Bollinger Bands to identify M-Tops. According to Bollinger, tops are usually more complicated and drawn out than bottoms. Double tops, head-and-shoulders patterns, and diamonds represent evolving tops.
In its most basic form, an M-Top is similar to a double top. However, the reaction highs are not always equal. The first high can be higher or lower than the second high. Bollinger suggests looking for signs of non-confirmation when a security is making new highs. This is basically the opposite of the W-Bottom. A non-confirmation occurs with three steps. First, a security creates a reaction high above the upper band. Second, there is a pullback towards the middle band. Third, prices move above the prior high but fail to reach the upper band. This is a warning sign. The inability of the second reaction high to reach the upper band shows waning momentum, which can foreshadow a trend reversal. Final confirmation comes with a support break or bearish indicator forex trading signals .

forex signals : Walking the Bands
Moves above or below the bands are not signals per se. As Bollinger puts it, moves that touch or exceed the bands are not forex trading signals , but rather “tags”. On the face of it, a move to the upper band shows strength, while a sharp move to the lower band shows weakness. Momentum oscillators work much the same way. Overbought is not necessarily bullish. It takes strength to reach overbought levels and overbought conditions can extend in a strong uptrend. Similarly, prices can “walk the band” with numerous touches during a strong uptrend. Think about it for a moment. The upper band is 2 standard deviations above the 20-period simple moving average. It takes a pretty strong price move to exceed this upper band. An upper band touch that occurs after a Bollinger Band confirmed W-Bottom would signal the start of an uptrend. Just as a strong uptrend produces numerous upper band tags, it is also common for prices to never reach the lower band during an uptrend. The 20-day SMA sometimes acts as support. In fact, dips below the 20-day SMA sometimes provide buying opportunities before the next tag of the upper band.
Bollinger Bands reflect direction with the 20-period SMA and volatility with the upper/lower bands. As such, they can be used to determine if prices are relatively high or low. According to Bollinger, the bands should contain 88-89% of price action, which makes a move outside the bands significant. Technically, prices are relatively high when above the upper band and relatively low when below the lower band. However, relatively high should not be regarded as bearish or as a sell forex signals . Likewise, relatively low should not be considered bullish or as a buy signal. Prices are high or low for a reason. As with other indicators, Bollinger Bands are not meant to be used as a stand-alone tool. Chartists should combine Bollinger Bands with basic trend analysis and other indicators for confirmation.

7:27 PM, February 06, 2019

Blogger yanmaneee said...

supreme clothing
air max 97
calvin klein underwear
kd 11
kobe basketball shoes
curry 7
coach factory outlet
kyrie 6

4:25 AM, April 07, 2020

Blogger jasonbob said...

supreme clothing
golden goose
birkin bag
cheap jordans
yeezy supply
pg 1
kevin durant shoes
golden goose sneakers

11:29 PM, April 11, 2022


Post a Comment

<< Home